What is Peritoneum Cancer?
Peritoneum cancer is a
cancer that attacks the lining that surrounds
the abdomen and may be due to asbestos exposure although there are no
epidemiologic clues to its causation or association except from a small
percentage of patients have a history of asbestos exposure.
However, it is widely believed that asbestos causes peritoneum cancer in one of two
ways. Either, asbestos fibers may be ingested, and when in the intestinal
tract, the fibers may work themselves into the peritoneal cavity and
peritoneum. Or they may be inhaled and transported through the lymph node
system to the peritoneal cavity. The disease is quite rare and there are
only 100-500 cases per year in the U.S. Many of the organs in the abdomen
are enveloped by a thin membrane of mesothelial cells, known as the
peritoneum or peritoneum. These cells protects the content of the abdomen
and it produces a lubricating fluid, which helps the organs move smoothly
inside the abdomen.
Sources of National Cancer Institute Information
Cancer Information Service
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